This post will also appear on the Project Rameka blog. It includes the Story of Cap and Trade video again.
My friends Jonathan Kennett and Bronwen Wall set up 'Project Rameka', a carbon sink project near Takaka. I am one of the trustees of this project.
The three of us are climate-change junkies and we have been going to some talks about climate change hosted by Victoria University of Wellington. Jonathan has posted on a talk by NIWA's main climate scientist David Wratt and on a talk about sea level rise and the Antarctic Andrill ice-core drilling project. Usually, we grab something to eat afterwards, and have a yarn about what we thought of the talk.
One talk I went to by myself was about the NZ emissions trading scheme. I caught up with Bronwen and Jonathan soon afterwards and filled them in on the talk. They both thought I should post on the Project Rameka blog about the NZ emissions trading scheme (or "ETS" for short), as it has implications for the carbon credits that Project Rameka, as a carbon sink, will be eligible to receive.
Also, shortly afterwards, Climate Issues Minister Nick Smith rammed through some major changes to the 2008 Labour version of the ETS, in a big rush so New Zealand would look like a country with a good climate change policy at the UN climate summit at Copenhagen. Yeah, right!
I have been trying to write that post for a while now. It's a massively complex scheme and I had been struggling to come up with something readable about it. Jonathan has said, correctly of course, that it's got to be short and easy to read, each post no longer than about 500 words, and not too technical. 'Mission impossible', I thought, then I joked to Jonathan: "What say I sum it up in a cartoon?"
But, joking aside, I found a video about emissions trading! That's got to be easier to take in than reading some jargon-heavy blurb about economics and climate change! Here it is!
'The Story of Cap and Trade' gives us a nice simple definition of an emissions trading scheme.
- There has to be an annual limit on carbon emissions, a 'Cap'.
- The 'Cap' is the total number of 'permits to pollute' or emissions permits.
- The 'Cap', and obviously the number of permits, declines over time.
- Within the 'Cap', innovative companies that reduce their emissions can sell permits to other companies, the 'Trade'.
Annie Leonard says 'we get rich and we save the planet! What's not to like'.But, seriously, Annie Leonard says there are several pretty major things not to like
about emissions trading:
- Free 'giveaways' of permits to the polluters (which undermines the price incentive not to emit).
- Offsetting - polluters may buy unverified permits that do not represent valid emissions reductions, so emissions don't reduce.
- Climate injustice to less-developed countries, where many 'offset' projects are set up.
- The lack of internationally agreed Caps.
- 'Cap and Trade' is a distraction from real policies that reduce emissions, and is really about maintaining 'business as usual'.